Thursday, August 28, 2008

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USDA awards $35M for energy projects
WASHINGTON (UPI) -- The U.S. Department of Agriculture awarded $35 million for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects, the department announced Wednesday.

Grants and loan guarantees will be awarded to 639 individuals and businesses in 45 states and the Virgin Islands, Agriculture Secretary Ed Schafer said in a news release.

"America is a world leader in renewable energy and energy efficiency," Schafer said. "These projects are good for business, good for the economy, good for jobs, and they help secure more self-sufficient energy resources for our country."

The funding will support a variety of energy-production and energy-saving project, Schafer said. For example, Chad Brandt of Oakes, N.D., will receive $67,374 in grant and loan funds to replace his existing grain dryer with a more energy-efficient model expected to lower energy costs by more than 20 percent. D.J. Keehner Farms Inc. in Monona, Iowa, will get a $11,561 grant to replace a propane heating system with a more energy-efficient geothermal heating system, expected to reduce energy costs by 78 percent, Schafer said.

The grants and loan guarantees are awarded through a energy program in the department's rural development division.



Copyright 2008 by United Press International

This news arrived on: 08/27/2008
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Monday, August 18, 2008

Chewing Gum with flavors

http://es.geocities.com/drback_cl/Chewing_Gum_Flavors.htm



CHEWING GUM FLAVORS

One of the aspects that frecuently I am asked about chewing gums, is about their flavors, so in this page there is a list of the broad variety of flavors that have the chewing gums.

Many flavors are used along with surnames like Wild, Tangy, Sour, Hot, Intense, Cool, Ice, Breeze, Shiver, Ultra, Real, etc.

Here are in categories, by importance in their use.

I. The most used:

1.-Peppermint, also called only mint, and with frecuence associated with other terms as Strong Mint, Artic Mint, Alpine Mint, Wintergreen mint , Frosty mint, Cool mint , Fresh mint, Spice mint , Green mint, etc. This is maybe the most used flavor for chewing gums in the world, and used in almost every country where chewing gums are manufactured.

2.-Fruit, also called Tutti Frutti, Assorted fruit, and in other similar terms as
Fruit Punch, Fancy Fruit, Mixed Fruit, etc. , is the other more used flavor for chewing gums , and surely between the category of bubble gums. Even some companies use the denomination of Bubble Gum flavor, or Classical and Original flavors .

3.-Spearmint, that although is a variation of mint flavor, is the only kind of mint that is listed here on separate, due to the broad use of this more aromatic fragance, and surely because the most common gum brand Wrigley made this flavor almost as a registered mark.

4.-Menthol, also a mint related flavor, that is used by many cmpanies an many countries. Is interesting that what is called Menthol in some countries is marketed under other names in other places. The mos classical example is the Wrigley Winterfresh , that in Europe is a menthol flavored gum, but in the US and other coutries, the Winterfresh flavor of Wrigley gums is what was called Pepsin flavor in the past.

II. Classical Fruit Flavors:

In most countries, there is a big production of chewing gums with the most classical fruits.

5.-Apple
6.-Apricot
7.-Banana
8.-Cherry
9.-Grape, also are gums under the flavor of Muscat.
10.-Lemon
11.-Lime
12.-Melon
13.-Orange
14.-Pineapple
15.-Peach
16.-Raspberry
17.-Strawberry
18.-Watermelon

III. Other fruit flavors:

But not only those fruit flavors are used in chewing gums, and specially in the last years many other non common flavors, or more exotic fruit flavors are used.

One subcategory is what is called Berries flavors, and since many berries have not a determinated denomination, or are translated in an azarous way, we see many Berries flavors, and some of them are:

19.-Wildberry
20.-Blueberry
21.-Forest Fruits
22.-Creamberry
23.-Roseberry
24.-Cranberry
25.-Blackcurrant, that is also called Cassis


Other no so common fruit flavors are:

26.-Acerola
27.-Apricot
28.-Carrot
29.-Chicha morada is a kind of Purple Corn that is popular in Peru.
30.-Chirimoya a subtropical fruit that is related to Anona.
31.-Coconut
32.-Feijoa
33.-Grapefruit, also used in the Pink Grapefruit flavor
34.-Guava
35.-Kiwi
36.-Leeche
37.-Mango
38.-Mangosteen
39.-Maracuja also called Passion Fruit or Passiflora
40.-Marquisa
41.-Naranjilla from Ecuador
42.-Pear
43.-Pepino
44.-Plum
45.-Tangerine


IV. Spicy flavors:

There are a lot of spicy flavors used in chewing gums, many well known spice fragances, and many special and local flavors.

46.-Anice, also called Anisette or Pastis
47.-Batna( I don't know what flavor this belong)
48.-Bergamot from a tree that used by Indians in North America
49.-Cardamom very popular in Middle East countries
50.-Cinnamon
51.-Clove
52.-Darsyne
52.-Jasmine as a floral fragance
54.-Ketchup
55.-Lavander as a floral fragance
56.-Rose as a floral fragance
57.-Mustaka used in Arab countries
58.-Eucalyptus
59.-Floral many popular in Korea and Japan
60.-Gat is an Herbal fragance from israel
61.-Ginger mint
62.-Hot Pepper
63.-Lemon Tea
64.-Salacider from Thailand
65.-Tobacco
66.-Vanilla
67.-Violet


V. Fancy flavors:

In this category many popular flavors, along with undefined flavors .

68.-Citrus
69.-Caramel
70.-Chlorophyll
71.-Chocolate
72.-Coffee, also in variations like Mokka
73.-Cola
74.-Cotton Candy
75.-Flavono
76.-Gingseng very popular in Korea, and many other countries
77.-Golafilter
78.-Herbal, Forest Herbal
79.-Ice Cream
80.-Jasmine Tea
81.-Lemonade
82.-Licorice, also called Reglisse in European countries
83.-Mastic, is the natural flavor of the Matiche resin extracted from a tree that grows in the Eastern Mediterranean, and is a popular flavor in the Middle East also called Damla in Turkish
84.-Musk
85.-Natural Chicle
86.-Pepsin, a popular flavor that later was called by other names likeWinterfresh (Wrigley USA) , Coolmint (Dentyne USA).
87.-Scented
88.-Tropical
89.-Yoghurt
90.- Whisky and other ahalcholic drink flavors

VI. Combinated flavors:

Many companies make combinated flavors, some of them are:

Apple-Melon
Apricot-Maracuja
Banana-Coconut
Banana-Strawberry
Cherry-Cola
Cherry-Lemon
Cherry-Mint
Chocolate-Strawberry
Cinnamint
Citro-Cola
Coconut-Chocolate
Coconut-Pineapple
Honey-Lemon
Kiwi-Apple
Lemon-Apple
Lemon-Lime
Lemon-Mint
Lemon-Raspberry
Mango-Banana
Melon-Soda
Mint-Blueberry
Nectar-Honey
Orange-Chocolate
Orange-Grapefruit
Orange-Peach
Orange-Pineapple
Peach-Apricot
Peach-Grape
Peach-Grapefruit
Peach-Mango
Peach-Pineapple
Peach-Raspberry
Raspberry-Blueberry

Wednesday, August 13, 2008

Fertilzers Coupons for RiceLands

Negros Occ.-- More than 15,000 rice farmers here availed of the
fertilizer discount coupons after President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
ordered the Department of Agriculture to extend assistance to farmers
affected by the sudden hike in the cost of fertilizers.

Provincial Rice Coordinator Nilda Juguan of the Office of the
Provincial Agriculturist (OPA) said a total of 75, 526 coupons worth
P18.8 Million were distributed to farmers here since last July.

Area of rice land covered is estimated to reach 37,763. Farmers are
entitled to receive two coupons for every hectare of land they own and
are identified by their respective municipal and city agricultural
office, she said.

With a balance of 26,000 more coupons, Juguan told PIA the
distribution is on-going until October of this year.

She said the lowest chemical fertilizer now cost P1,800 per bag while
premium ones could reach as high as P3,000 per bag. (PIA-LOL)

BIODIESEL and BIOETHANOL

Davao City -- The country has to increase the volume of production for
bio-diesel and bio-ethanol if it will compel all vehicles to use it.

Dr. Johnny T. Batalon, focal person of Crops Biofuels, Coconut and Oil
Palm Specialist of the Philippine Council for Agricultural Resources
and Research Development (PCARRD) said current production is only at
100,000 liters.

Batalon in an interview during the opening of the Kaniyogan Festival
at SM City Davao Event Center on Wednesday, August 13 he said it would
need 78 million liters for the year one (from May 6, 2007 to May 6,
2008) implementation of biodiesel and 269 million liters for the bio
ethanol when it will be implemented in 2009.

Batalon admitted that there is now a problem with raw materials but he
stressed that their advocacy is to support the biodiesel production
provided it will not compromise the food production.

He said as far as raw materials is concerned, the coconut which is the
source for raw materials for coco methyl ester (CME) is also used by
the food group as main component of their product.

In an earlier report the Philippines is the first country to use
coconut as a source or feedstock for biodiesel, thus the inception of
the government's Coco-Biodiesel Program.

Coco-biodiesel, or Coco-Methyl Ester (CME), is produced from the
transesterification of coconut oil, using methyl alcohol in the
presence of a catalyst.

This process forces out the unwanted components (such as glycerine) in
the oil, which could cause the glumming and clogging of fuel systems
and eventually lead to engine failure in the long term.

Blending CME into diesel seeks to reduce importation of petroleum
products which will turn into foreign exchange savings for the country.

It said that with the 1 percent biodiesel blend, foreign exchange
savings from the country's transport sector alone will amount to about
US$23 million in 2007. This figure is expected to increase to US$49
million once the 2 percent biodiesel is implemented two years after.

Batalon said being studied right now as other sources are the palm oil
and sorghum although palm oil is also used for the production of
vegetable oil.

The palm oil could be a source for biodiesel production while sorghum
for bio-ethanol.

The sweet sorghum he said for bio-ethanol to be blend with gasoline is
a concept introduced from India.

An initial site of this project is in Ilocos Norte where a
groundbreaking will be held on September 6, 2008 in Nueva Ecija for
the establishment of a milling and distillery facility.

He said in the economies of scale it would need 2,400 to 3,000
hectares of sweet sorghum to make the production viable of 40,000
liters per day.

There are other feedstock that could be tapped for ethanol like corn
and cassava but Batolan said this has to be carefully studied because
its production should not compete with food. (PIA)

Tuesday, August 12, 2008

from PGMA Palay

Legazpi City -- "Don't allow yourself to be victimized by opportunists
and unscrupulous businessmen. Sell your palay produce to the National
Food Authority (NFA) directly and avail of the P17/kg price for clean
and dry palay."

This was NFA Bicol regional director Edgar Bentulan advice over
reports that rice farmers in areas in Camarines Sur and Albay have
decried rice traders modus of buying palay for as low as P10.50 per kilo.

Bentulan said farmers should not allow themselves to be used by rice
traders in selling their palay stocks to NFA. "We will watch this."

He said the NFA Central Office has instructed the provincial managers
to intensify procurement of palay in their respective areas to further
beef-up the government's buffer stocks for the coming year.

Bentulan said the NFA will buy clean and dry palay with 14 per cent
moisture content and 95 per cent purity at P17 per kilogram plus a
bonus of P1,8000 for every 50 cavans of palay that farmers will sell
to NFA.

Per advice from NFA Central Office, this amount shall be given to
farmers on reimbursement scheme for the fertilizer they will buy for
the next planting season, retroactive July 1, this year.

In Bicol the NFA is employing the following procurement strategies,
free hauling with the use of NFA trucks and rolling stores (as
backload); opening up of buying stations to production areas;
organizing mobile procurement teams to far-flung production areas;
free use of NFA drying pavement; minimal fee of P1.00/50 kg in the use
of NFA mechanical dryers.

"We have sufficient funds to accommodate palay deliveries," Bentulan
assured. "Logistics in terms of funding, manpower, warehouse
facilities are all in place."

In the Bicol region, there are 14 NFA burying stations strategically
located in the different provinces - Albay - 4; Camarines Norte - 1;
Camarines Sur - 4; Catanduanes - 1; Masbate - 1; and Sorsogon - 3.
(NFA/PIA)

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from PGMA Coconuts

Roxas City -- Some P786 million has been ordered by President Gloria
Macapagal-Arroyo to be set aside for the Coconut Industry Investment
Fund Safety-Net Program (CSNP).

In addition, another P86 million is also allotted for the upgraded
insurance program that would benefit some 1.02-million coconut farmers
nationwide, Agriculture Secretary Arthur Yap said.

The amount being earmarked by President Arroyo is in line with her
commitment to raise farm productivity, particularly, for the coconut
subsector during her State-of-the-Nation Address (SONA).

Yap revealed that the DA and the Philippine Coconut Authority (PCA)
are carrying out a P107.94 million program to intercrop corn in
coconut plantations across the country.

He explained that said intercropping project is a component of the
President's Accelerated Hunger Mitigation Program (AHMP) that aims to
revitalize new or idle coconut farms and to increase the income of
coconut farmers, on top of producing and making available more food
for low-income families.

PCA Administrator Oscar Garin disclosed that last year, over 100,000
farmers benefited from a P100-million corn intercropping program of
the DA in Bicol and other parts of Luzon to help the coconut sector
recover from the devastation it suffered from the spate of super
typhoons that hit the country in the second semester of 2006.

This year, the PCA is carrying out three short- to long-term
initiatives that will involve the massive fertilization, intercropping
and planting of coconut to sustain the growth of this top Philippine
export, Garin said.

The coconut sector is projected to recover in 2008 from a negative
growth of 5.12% last year, with its expansion expected at 5.57%, as
against the original forecast of only 1.42%.

For the first quarter of the year, Garin said the coconut sector grew
5.1%, with its gross earnings increasing 24% to P16.13 billion from
P13 billion in 2007.

Meanwhile, the more than 32,000 small coconut farmers in Capiz are
expecting an improved farm production and income with the new
investment of President Arroyo on the coconut subsector, especially
after typhoon Frank devastated more than P20-million worth of coconut
plantation here.

Earlier, Capiz PCA Provincial Manager Jeffrey delos Reyes reported
that a total of 1,173,136 coconut trees in the province here were
destroyed by typhoon Frank affecting about 24,108 coconut farmers. (PIA)

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